The start of the petrochemistry as it is known today dates back to the 1920s and 1925s. The petrochemical industry was born as the demand for synthetic materials to replace costly natural products increased. The conversion of gaseous olefins into alcohols, glycols, and ketones gave chemistry a new field. It soon became popular all over the world because it allowed for a very different kind and cheaper production.
The methods that used in PetroChemical industry can be divided into 3 groups in general.
Aliphatics, as butadiene, butylene, propylene, propane, acetylene, ethylene, ethane from high temperature cracking of petroleum products or natural gas.
Aromatics; includes Benzene, toluene and xylenes, from the reformate produced in catalytic reformers using Naphtha obtained from petroleum refineries.
Inorganics, as sulfur, animal charcoal, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia.
Petrochemical Industry In Turkey
The lack of need arising from lack of use of petroleum products, are some of the reasons for turkey’s late entry. After the first establishment in 1965 to start and develop a petrochemical industry in the country, Turkey has achieved remarkable growth and development.
Today 25% of all chemicals produced in Turkey are intertwined with the petrochemical industry. The cheap cost of products and the wide range of applications make petrochemicals irreplaceable.